Kidney failure has become something of a common occurrence in the society today. This is because of factors like genetics, the environment, and dietary irregularities. It is such a common occurrence that statistically, it affects 2 out of every 25 people by the age of 35. With there being two effective solutions for the debate of Kidney Transplant vs. Dialysis is still raging on till now. However, once the illness becomes terminal, the only effective option becomes a transplant. Here is an in-depth look at the advantages and disadvantages of each procedure to help further shed some light on the issues of kidney transplant vs. dialysis.
What is dialysis?
This is a process that artificially pumps blood out of your body, cleans it up the pumps it back into your body. It is a blood filtration process; the only difference is that it is external. In many cases, a standard dialysis lasts somewhere between three and four hours and is done thrice weekly.
Merits and demerits of dialysis
In this Kidney Transplant vs. Dialysis debate, the merits of dialysis cannot be ignored. Dialysis is a quick fix whose impacts are felt almost instantaneously. Though most people put it off, those that try it feel the effects after one or two treatments. It requires only a short recovery period and almost everyone qualifies for the procedure. It is neither invasive nor highly life-threatening.
It comes with demerits like; a lot of lifestyles and dietary restrictions, time consumption, and exhaustion, preventing you from doing much else on the days you get the treatment. It is also not a permanent fix, so prolonged exposure may lead to heart disease, infection, anemia, high blood pressure and nerve damage.
Benefits and drawbacks of a kidney transplant
A transplant, on the other hand, is the process of retrofitting someone else’s healthy kidney into your body so that the body can use it to do the filtration of blood on its own. It is a surgical procedure that will sometimes be accompanied by dialysis before or after or both.
It is advantageous because the healing process and time are minimal and you can return to your life in no time. The mortality rate is high, and most receivers live for up to 20 years after the procedure. The alternative is more effective at times when the patient has not been on dialysis too long. It also guarantees a better life quality if successful.
On the negative side, finding a matching kidney is rather difficult and is not guaranteed even among close relatives. The recipient list is usually long, and some people die while waiting for a kidney. It is also an invasive procedure that can have other effects. Worst of all is the fact that not everyone is eligible for transplant, even if a match is found.
At the end of the day, it is not that easy to select when it comes to Kidney Transplant vs. Dialysis. The transplant is always a long shot unless you have a personal matching donor and the dialysis is simply a temporary fix that does not last that long. So, if you decided to go for dialysis first as you await something more tangible, then make sure that you get the best care available. The solution only works if your care is regular and adequate. However, you should never sweep kidney transplant under the table if you have a serious kidney disease. Your doctor should adequately advise you and ensure that you get on the list as soon as possible. It is the one solution that could get your life back on track.